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Living with Diabetes - Diabetic Diets and Why They're Good for You

Living with Diabetes - Diabetic Diets and Why They're Good for You

 

Irene Wong was in her early 70’s, living in Kuala Lumpur when she was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Her initial reaction was shock and fear, overwhelmed by all the information thrown at her by her physician. She had to test her blood sugar at least four times a day, take Metformin, and inject herself with an insulin pen. She decided to look for a diabetes specialist, and learnt how to take care of herself whilst living with type 1 diabetes. With much difficulty, she managed to learn to deal with her condition. Irene recommends moderate exercise and cutting back on carbohydrates: “I mean if you desperately want that apple pie, go ahead and have it, '' says Irene - Just don’t combine it with a plate of fries and a large soda.”

world diabetes day November

In 2006 the United Nations (UN) passed a resolution to designate November 14 as World Diabetes Day, with the idea to raise awareness around diabetes: its prevention, the complications that can arise, and the care of people with the condition. Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness, amputation, heart disease and kidney failure, and is also one of the leading causes of death in the world. 

The theme for 2021 World Diabetes Day is access to diabetes care. Millions of people with diabetes around the world do not have access to diabetes care. People with diabetes require ongoing care and support to manage their condition and avoid complications, hence, world governments should take action to ensure medicine, technology, support, and care should be made available to all diabetes patients that require them.

Diabetes is a quiet disease, it creeps up on you, but taking regular tests allow you to monitor yourself and see how you are doing. Simply put, the goal of a diabetic diet is to control blood sugar levels. Preventing spikes in glucose levels will help manage the level of insulin your body produces. The diet is also intended to promote weight loss, as this is a large component of diabetic health, especially for seniors with limited mobility.

Caring for a Senior with Diabetes includes

  1. Keeping track of medication - Check for the correct dose
  2. Ensuring meals are eaten regularly - No skipping
  3. Heaping with blood sugar monitoring - if blood sugar is low, respond quickly with a sugary drink to 1 tablespoon of honey or jam
  4. Attending regular doctor appointments.

Here are some simple steps to help a diabetic to manage their diet, especially your elderly loved ones. 

  • Aim for portion control

especially when relating to carbohydrates. It does not mean diabetics need to avoid all carbs. The type of carbohydrate is what’s important. Don’t eat processed, refined carbs from foods like sweets and desserts. Choose fruits, legumes, and vegetables instead. These are known as complex carbs, which are digested much slower, and do not cause a spike in blood sugar. This is one of the most important points for managing diabetes in the elderly.
    • Have regularly set mealtimes.

    Not skipping meals will help regulate glucose levels. The time at which you eat is just as important as the food that you eat. To avoid sugar level fluctuations, eat at consistent times each day. Eating every 4-5 hours is recommended to prevent hypoglycemia for the elderly. Caregivers should help by ensuring the diabetic person eats at regular intervals, and takes their medication as needed.
      • Limiting sugar intake 

      is the most important rule. Sweets and desserts, soft drinks, honey, and other sweet foods are a big NO. You can have them as an occasional treat in tiny amounts. For proper control over diabetes in the elderly, sugar cravings should be assuaged with fresh or frozen fruit. Cut out fruit juices from your diet, as these are high in sugar. Low-fat foods, such as yogurt and other dairy products, should also be avoided, as they often have added sugar to compensate for the reduced fat content.
        • Fiber 

        is an important element of an enjoyable diabetic diet. Dietary fiber has many health benefits for the body. Seniors with diabetes should consume more high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and nuts.
          • A diet high in whole foods and low in processed foods 

          is best. Highly processed foods often contain excessive sodium, sugar, and unhealthy saturated fats. Preparing your own meals or having a caregiver prepare them for you is a good way to avoid unnecessary salt and sugar.
            • Avoiding excess salt

            as diabetics are more at-risk for heart disease than non-diabetics. Excessive sodium can lead to many complications, including high blood pressure, heart failure, and stroke.

              The whole idea is to REPLACE and not REMOVE to make a Diabetic Diet more enjoyable. Do not let Diabetes become an unwelcome visitor in your life.

              Other than eat healthy, the following tips are important

              Keep Active

              Encourage your loved one to walk and move around the house. Alternatively, install exercise pedals at the foot of a chair, or set up a stationary exercise bike. 

              Lose Weight

              Aim to loose 5%-10% of body weight by exercising and making heatlhy food choices.

              Do not Smoke

              Smoking increases risk of complications.

               

              Set Small Goals, and Make Changes Together

               

              If your parents has diabetes, he will need to pay special attention to his skin care, his oral hygiene, and his feet (check daily for sores, blisters, infections, and heavy calluses).

              3 Useful Resources

              • Diabetes Malaysia

              https://diabetesmalaysia.org.my

              Diabetes Malaysia (DM) formerly known as Persatuan Diabetes Malaysia is a non-profit, non-governmental organization formed in 1981 and registered in 1983 to help people with diabetes to lead healthy and productive lives.

              • National Diabetes Institute

              https://nadidiabetes.com.my/

              The National Diabetes Institute (NADI) is established to provide a dedicated and comprehensive service for diabetics, to prevent and control diabetes and its complications. NADI is a non-profit organisation managed by a Board of Trustees comprising representatives from the Malaysian Endocrine and Metabolic Society (MEMS), Diabetes Malaysia (DM), Ministry of Health (MOH), Elected and Founding members.

              • Malaysian Diabetes Educators Society: MDES

              https://mdes.org.my

              The Malaysian Diabetes Educators Society is one of the leading Malaysian organizations for healthcare professionals providing diabetes education and management. MDES aims to improve the quality of life for people affected by diabetes, as well as those who are at risk, by enhancing self-management skills through education and public awareness.

               

              Useful products recommended for diabetes

               

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