Bedsores Among Elderly
INDEPENDENT PATIENT WITH BEDSORES
Bedsores, also called pressure sores or pressure ulcers, are the result of an injury to skin and its underlying tissues.
What are the symptoms of pressure sores?
There are four (4) stages of pressure sores.
- The first stage is the mildest, marked by pain, burning or itching in a specific area.
- The second stage begins when the sore begins to form below the surface of the skin, forming an open wounds or blisters.
- In stage three, the sore reaches the fat tissue under the skin.
- The final stage is the most severe; the sores may begin to affect muscles and ligaments and express with symptoms such as black skin, deepening of the sore, and further sign of infection.
Causes of bedsores
Bedsores are caused by pressure on the skin that limit blood flow. Often, those who are bedridden or in wheelchairs are the highest risk since they have a hard time moving and getting proper blood flow to all areas of the body. Diet also plays a key role, as bad nutrition and improper hydration can result on the skin and tissue breaking down.
DEPENDENT PATIENT WITH BEDSORES
How can I prevent bedsore?
- Change position frequently. When you change position often, there will be less pressure on your skin, reducing your risk of developing pressure ulcers.
- Keep skin clean and dry.
- Use pillows.
- Suggestion to use ridden mattress.
How do you heal a bedsore fast?
Clean the sore every time you change a dressing.
- For a stage 1 sore, you can wash the area gently with mild soap and water saline
- Stage 2 pressure sores should be cleaned with a saline water rinse to remove loose dead tissue.
- Do not use hydrogen peroxide or iodine cleansers.
How long does bedsore take to heal?
Stage 2 bedsores can heal within 1 to 6 weeks, but ulcer that reach stage 3 or 4 may take several months, or they may heal, especially in people with ongoing health problems.
What bed sores look like?
At stage 2, the skin breaks, open, wears away, on forms on ulcer, which is usually tender and painful. The sore expands into scrape (abrasion), blister, or a shallow crater in the skin. Sometimes this stage looks like a blister filled with clean fluid.